- Software name: appdown
- Software type: Microsoft Framwork
- size: 15MB
In this relative calm the population felt somewhat relieved, and ventured again into the streets. Outdoors on the "stoeps" of the houses men sat on their haunches smoking their pipe and playing a game of piquet. Most of them were vigorous fellows, miners, who did not mind any amount of work, but now came slowly under the demoralising influence of idleness.There were only a few passengers by the train, one an old bent man with a grey moustache and a hooked nose coming down over it. His boots and hat and gloves were shabby enough, but his fur-lined overcoat, which he wore in spite of the warm night, was a magnificent garment of real sable. He stepped along the platform absently. As he looked round for a cab, Balmayne hailed him.
"Unfortunately, General, my name is Charlotte Oliver. Two or three times I have had use for so much concealment as there was in the childish prank of turning my name wrong side out." The speaker made a sign to the chief-of-staff: "Write the two names side by side and see if they are not one.""Charlotte," said Miss Harper, "the thing is an absolute certainty! Even without your likeness or--"
(1.) Into what two divisions can a knowledge of constructive mechanics be divided?(2.) Give an example of your own to distinguish between special and general knowledge.(3.) In what manner is special knowledge mostly acquired?(4.) What has been the effect of scientific investigations upon special knowledge?(5.) What is meant by the division of labour?(6.) Why have engineering tools been less changed than most other kinds of machinery during twenty years past?(7.) What is meant by machine functions; adaptation; construction?(8.) Why has the name "mechanical powers" been applied to screws, levers, wedges, and so on?(9.) Can power be conceived of as an element or principle, independent of mechanism?When their train approached ours they looked out of the windows, or opened the doors, and waved and greeted and shouted at the top of their voices.
We have now to consider how Aristotle treats psychology, not in connexion with biology, but as a distinct sciencea separation not quite consistent with his own definition of soul, but forced on him by the traditions of Greek philosophy and by the nature of things. Here the fundamental antithesis assumes a three-fold form. First the theoretical activity of mind is distinguished from its practical activity; the one being exercised on things which cannot, the other on things which365 can, be changed. Again, a similar distinction prevails within the special province of each. Where truth is the object, knowledge stands opposed to sense; where good is sought, reason rises superior to passion. The one antithesis had been introduced into philosophy by the early physicists, the other by Socrates. They were confounded in the psychology of Plato, and Aristotle had the merit of separating them once more. Yet even he preserves a certain artificial parallelism between them by using the common name Nous, or reason, to denote the controlling member in each. To make his anthropology still more complex, there is a third antithesis to be taken into account, that between the individual and the community, which also sometimes slides into a partial coincidence with the other two.